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  1. Electrons at metal-vacuum interface
    • Electron reflection/transmission at metal-vacuum interface
    • Electrons inside a potential (quantum) well
    • Electron tunneling through a potential barrier
  2. The Free Electron Model in Metals
    • Density of states, Fermi-Dirac distribution and work function
    • Thermionic emission
    • Schottky effect
    • Field emission
    • Photoelectric effect
  3. Band Models of Solids
    • Conduction band, valence band, band gap
    • Electrical conduction of electrons in an energy band
    • Energy band diagrams of metals, semiconductors and insulators
    • Energy-momentum (E-k) curves
    • Effective mass
    • Holes
  4. Semiconductors
    • Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
    • Dopants of semiconductors
    • Electron/hole concentration in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
    • Fermi level of intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
    • Conductivity of semiconductors
  5. Principles of Semiconductor Devices
    • Energy band diagram of a p-n junction at equilibrium and under bias
    • Built-in field, built-in potential, transition region width
    • I-V characteristics at equilibrium and under bias
    • Junction capacitance