Course Descriptions

The Texas A&M Department of Biomedical Engineering offers a wide range of courses to give all undergraduates the opportunity to discover what aspect of their career choice most interests them. Here is a brief description of all the undergraduate level courses the program has to offer:

Undergraduate Courses

101. Introduction to Biomedical Engineering (1-0). Credit 1.

Overview of biomedical engineering and the biomedical engineering industry, including specialties degree requirements and scholastic programs in the Department of Biomedical Engineering.

Prerequisite: BMEN major.

207. Computing For Biomedical Engineering (2-3). Credit 3.

Introduction to the principles of computer programming for biomedical applications including program design and development, programming techniques and documentation; introduction to and programming in the LabVIEW and MATLAB environments.

Prerequisite: BMEN major.

211. Biomedical Applications of Circuits, Signals and Systems (3-0). Credit 3.

Quantitative analysis of biomedical and physiological signals; A/D conversion and sampling; Fourier and Laplace transforms; filtering of biomedical signals and images; electrical circuits and analog representations of physiological systems as model systems.

Prerequisite: BMEN major; PHYS 208; MATH 308 or concurrent enrollment.

253. Medical Device Design I (0-3). Credit 1.

FDA design controls for medical device development in a regulated environment; small-scale team biomedical engineering design project.

Prerequisite: BMEN 207.

285. Directed Studies. Credit 1 to 4.

Permits students to undertake special projects in biomedical engineering at an earlier point in their studies than required for BMEN 485.

Prerequisite: Approval of program chair.

289. Special Topics in... Credit 1 to 4.

(1-4) Selected topics in an identified area of biomedical engineering. May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

291. Undergraduate Research. Credit 1 to 4.

Research conducted under the direction of faculty member in biomedical engineering. May be repeated 2 times for credit.

Prerequisite: Freshman or sophomore classification and approval of instructor.

305. Bioinstrumentation (0-3). Credit 1.

Introduction to biomedical instrumentation design; hands on acquisition of biomedical signals; design, building and testing of bioinstrumentation circuits including analog signal amplifiers and analog filter circuits.

Prerequisites: BMEN 211 and VTPP 435; junior or senior classification.

321. Biomedical Electronics (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction to biomedical signals; basic circuit analysis for biomedical signals; design of bioamplifier circuits; characteristics of linear and nonlinear circuit elements; design of basic electronic circuits, principles and practice of bioelectronic measurements.

Prerequisites: BMEN 211 and VTPP 435; junior or senior classification.

322. Biosignal Analysis (3-0). Credit 3.

Design and application of analog and digital signal analysis in biomedical engineering; characteristics of biomedical signals; design considerations for analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog circuitry; biosignal transformation methods; analog and digital filter design for biomedical signals.

Prerequisites: BMEN 321; junior or senior classification.

341. Biofluid Mechanics (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction into the mechanics of fluids in biomechanics, including blood, synovial fluid and physiological solutions, with an emphasis on the importance of mechanobiology and the formation of biological problems within the context of 1) kinematics, 2) the concept of stress, 3) linear momentum balance, 4) constitutive relations, and 5) boundary conditions.

Prerequisite: Admitted to major degree sequence; junior or senior classification.

343. Introduction to Biomaterials (3-0). Credit 3.

Describes the properties of natural and man-made materials commonly encountered in biomedicine and biomedical engineering; it includes an integrated approach in the presentation of material structures, characteristics, and properties; the basics of material structures, including crystalline and chemical structure, and microstructure; and characteristics of the materials will be developed from the microscopic origins.

Prerequisites: MATH 308 and CHEM 227; junior or senior classification.

344. Biological Responses to Medical Devices (3-0). Credit 3.

Selection and characterization of materials in implantable and tissue contacting medical devices; biodegradation, biocompatibility, hemocompatibility and cell-material interactions of biomaterials.

Prerequisite: Basic knowledge of biomaterials, cell biology, human anatomy/physiology and engineering principles (VTPP 435 or equivalent); BMEN 343 highly recommended.

345. Biomaterials Lab (0-3). Credit 1.

Experimental methods used to prepare and characterize polymeric biomaterials used in biomedical engineering; related fundamental aspects of forming a hypothesis, experimental design, empirical observation, data collection, interpretation and presentation of data.

Prerequisites: BMEN 343; junior or senior classification.

350. Statistics for Biomedical Engineering (3-0). Credit 3.

Evaluation of the efficacy of clinical research; quantitative methods used in clinical trials in biomedical engineering; ethical and regulatory issues that must be considered during the design and implementation of any clinical trial, or pre-clinical study.

Prerequisites: Admitted to the major degree sequence; junior or senior classification.

353. Medical Device Design II (0-3). Credit 1.

Identification of needs for biomedical engineering design solutions, development of design proposals, analysis of design project requirements and constraints.

Prerequisites: BMEN 253; junior or senior classification.

361. Biosolid Mechanics (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction to the mechanics of deformable media in biomedical engineering, including medical devices, biomaterials, and soft and hard biological tissues: emphasis on biomechanics and mechanobiology and formulation of problems within the context of basic continuum biomechanics; problems include analytical solutions for stress-strain analysis of extension, distension,bending, buckling, and torsion of biosolids.

Prerequisites: BMEN 341.

400. History of Human and Veterinary Medicine in Europe (4-0). Credit 4.

Addresses the major developments in human and veterinary medicine in Europe from the Middle Ages to the present; explores key events and figures in medical history and analyzes issues of current biomedical concern in a historical context; for example, animal rights, ethics of humane experimentation, euthanasia. 

Prerequisites: Admitted to major degree sequence; VTPP 434. Cross listed with VTPP 401.

401. Principles and Analysis of Biological Control Systems (3-0). Credit 3.

Techniques for generating quantitative mathematical models of physiological control systems and devices; the behavior of physiological control systems using both time and frequency domain methods.

Prerequisite: BMEN 321; junior or senior classification.

402. Biomedical Optics Laboratory (2-3). Credit 3.

optics technology; basic engineering principles used in developing therapeutic and diagnostic devices; hands-on labs will be performed including optical monitoring, diagnostic and therapeutic experiments.

Prerequisite: PHYS 208, or approval of instructor.

404. FDA Good Laboratory and Clinical Practices (3-0). Credit 3.

Implementation of Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) for the submission of preclinical studies and use of Good Clinical Practices (GCP) in clinical trials in accordance with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations; includes similarities and differences in GLP and GCP critical for the introduction of new drugs and medical devices. 

Prerequisites: BMEN 430.

406. Medical Device Path to Market (3-0). Credit 3.

Path to market for a medical device with specific attention to the regulatory affairs to enable the development of an appropriate regulatory strategy due to the highly regulated global environment. 

Prerequisites: Admitted to major degree sequence; junior or senior classification, or approval of instructor.

420. Medical Imaging (3-0). Credit 3.

The principles of the major imaging modalities including x-ray radiology, x-ray computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging; including a brief discussion on the other emerging imaging technologies such as nuclear imaging (PET and SPECT).

Prerequisite: BMEN 211; junior or senior classification.

422. Bioelectromagnetism (3-0). Credits 3.

Electric, magnetic and electromagnetic phenomena associated with biological tissues; source modeling based on physiological current including line and volume conductor models as well as electromagnetic-based stimulation, sensing and imaging. 

Prerequisites: BMEN 321; junior or senior classification.

425. Biophotonics (3-0). Credit 3.

Theory and application of optical instrumentation, including light sources, lasers, detectors, and optical fibers; instrumentation and engineering in biomedical applications of optics in therapeutics, diagnostics, and biosensing.

Prerequisites: BMEN major; junior or senior classification.

427. Magnetic Resonance Engineering (2-3). Credit 3. 

Design, construction and application of instrumentation for MR imaging; fundamentals of the architecture of an MR spectrometer and the gradient subsystem used for image localization; emphasis on the radiofrequency sensors and systems used for signal generation and reception.

Prerequisite: BMEN 420 or ECEN 410 or ECEN 411 or approval of instructor; junior or senior classification.

428. Microcontrollers and Communications in Medical Devices (3-0). Credit 3. 

This course will cover the principles of embedded system architecture and programming as well as an introduction of wireless communication systems. It will provide hands-on experiences of how an embedded system could be used to solve problems in biomedical engineering, culminating in projects on wireless wearable sensors and imaging for medical devices.

Prerequisite: BMEN 211 or approval of instructor.

431. Thermodynamics of Biomolecular Systems (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduces equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics and applies them to understand various biomolecular systems; including ensemble theory, reaction kinetics, nonlinear dynamics, and stochastic processes; with applied examples such as enzyme-ligand binding kinetics, conformational dynamic of proteins and nucleic acids, population dynamics, and noise in biological signals.

Prerequisites: BMEN 361; junior or senior classification.

432. Molecular and Cellular Biomechanics (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduces biomolecules and their assemblies that play structural and dynamical roles in sub-cellular to cellular level mechanics, with emphasis on quantitative/theoretical descriptions, and discussions of the relevant experiment approaches to probe these nano- to micro-scale phenomena; including topics in (1) self assembly of cytoskeleton and biomembranes, (2) molecular motors, (3) cell motility, and (4) mechanotransduction.

Prerequisites: BMEN 361; junior or senior classification.

448. Healthcare Technology in the Developing World (3-0). Credit 3.

Major types of medical equipment, principles of operation, physiology underlying the measurement, major functional (system) pieces for each instrument, and typical problems/applications of each instrument.

Prerequisites: MATH 152, PHYS 208 and approval of instructor.

450. Case Studies (1-0). Credit 1.

Examines process through which clinically defined problems are addressed from the perspective of biomedical engineering through the use of case studies; includes issues of technology transfer and clinical evaluation.

Prerequisites: BMEN major; junior or senior classification.

451. Cell Mechanobiology (3-0). Credit 3.

Focus on how mechanical forces influence cell behavior through physical and biochemical mechanisms; integrating engineering and cell biology to solve biomedical problems, which includes developing models for applying forces to cultured cells and tissues and measuring changes in cell biochemistry, structure, and function.

Prerequisite: BMEN major; junior or senior classification.

452. Mass and Energy Transfer in Biosystems (3-0). Credit 3.

Transport phenomena associated with physiological systems and their interaction with medical devices; exchange processes in artificial life support systems and diagnostic equipment.

Prerequisites: BMEN 341, MATH 308, and VTPP 435.

453. Analysis and Design Project I (0-6). Credit 2.

Group or team biomedical engineering analysis and design project involving statement, alternative approaches for solution, specific system analysis and design.

Prerequisites: BMEN 321 and BMEN 353; junior or senior classification.

454. Analysis and Design Project II (0-6). Credit 2.

Continuation of BMEN 453.

Prerequisites: BMEN 453; junior or senior classification.

457. Orthopedic Biomechanics (3-0). Credits 3.

Development of competencies in biomechanical principles using practical examples and clinical case studies; application of biomechanical knowledge to the evaluation of musculoskeletal tissues and structures, and treatment options for musculoskeletal dysfunction. 

Prerequisites: BMEN major; junior or senior classification.

458. Biomechanics of Human Movement (3-0). Credits 3.

Skeletal anatomy and mechanics; muscle anatomy and mechanics; theory and application of electromyography; motion and force measuring equipment and techniques; inverse dynamics modeling of the human body; current topics in musculoskeletal biomechanics research.

Prerequisites: BMEN 341; junior or senior classification.

461. Cardiac Mechanics (3-0). Credit 3.

Application of continuum mechanics and computational solid mechanics to the study of the mammalian heart; utilization of continuum mechanics and finite element analysis in solving non-linear boundary value problems in biomechanics.

Prerequisites: BMEN 361; junior or senior classification.

463. Soft Tissue Mechanics and Finite Element Methods (3-0). Credit 3.

Application of continuum mechanics and finite element methods to the study of the mechanical behavior of soft tissues and associative applications in biomedicine.

Prerequisites: BMEN 361; junior or senior classification.

465. Biomechanics Experiential Learning Lab (0-3). Credit 1.

Applications in biomechanics (solid and fluid); includes experimental methods used to investigate biomechanical factors in the assessment of therapeutic interventions; mechanical testing load frames; motion capture systems, high speed imaging and flow systems; hypothesis forming, experimental design, empirical observation, data collection and interpretation, and presentation of results.

Prerequisites: BMEN 361; junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

468. Advanced Biomechanics (3-0). Credit 3. I

Application of fluid and solid mechanics to problems in biomedical engineering ranging from molecular-level to organ-level, including the mechanics of the cell cytoskeleton, whole cells, blood, arteries and the heart.

Prerequisites: BMEN 361 or approval of instructor.

469. Entrepreneurial Issues in Biomedical Engineering (3-0). Credit 3.

Description and analysis of issues associated with initiating business ventures to transfer biomedical technologies into the health care sector, including intellectual property protection, seed funding alternatives, and business strategies relevant to the biomedical engineering technology area; and utilizing recent case studies of previous ventures.

Prerequisites: BMEN major; junior or senior classification.

471. Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering (3-0). Credit 3.

Application of numerical analysis to analyze molecular, cellular and physiological systems, using general techniques including programming in MATLAB to analyze steady and dynamic systems. 

Prerequisites: BMEN 207 and VTPP 434.

480. Biomedical Engineering of Tissues (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction to aspects of tissue engineering with an emphasis placed on tissue level topics including tissue organization and biological processes, with insights from recent literature (state-of-the-art).

Prerequisites: BMEN 343.

482. Polymeric Biomaterials (3-0). Credit 3.

Preparation, properties, and biomedical applications of polymers including: polymerization; structure-property relationships; molecular weight and measurement; morphology; thermal transitions; network formation; mechanical behavior; polymeric surface modification; polymer biocompatibility and bioadhesion; polymers in medicine, dentistry, and surgery; polymers for drug delivery; polymeric hydrogels; and biodegradable polymers.

Prerequisites: BMEN 343; junior or senior classification.

483. Polymeric Biomaterial Synthesis (3-0). Credit 1.

Overview of polymer synthetic routes and key structure-property relationships with emphasis on the design of polymeric systems to achieve specific properties; tissue engineering and drug delivery applications will be used as model systems to explore the process of biomaterial design from synthesis to device evaluation.

Prerequisite: BMEN 343.

485. Directed Studies. Credit 1 to 6.

Permits students to undertake special projects in biomedical engineering.

Prerequisite: Approval of program chair.

486. Biomedical Nanotechnology (3-0). Credit 1.

Nanotechnology applications in biomedicine; concepts of scale; unique properties at the nanoscale; biological interaction, transport, and biocompatibility of nanomaterials; current research and development of nanotechnology for medical applications, including sensors, diagnostic tools, drug delivery systems, therapeutic devices, and interactions of cells and biomolecules with nanostructured surfaces.

Prerequisite: BMEN 343; junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

487. Drug Delivery (3-0). Credit 3.

Mechanisms for controlled release of pharmaceutically active agents and the development of useful drug delivery systems; controlled release mechanisms including diffusive, convective, and erosive driving forces by using case studies related to oral, topical and parenteral release in a frontier interdisciplinary scientific research format. 

Prerequisite: Admitted to major degree sequence; senior classification.

489. Special Topics in... Credit 1 to 4.

New or unique areas of biomedical engineering which are of interest to biomedical engineering and other undergraduate students.

491. Undergraduate Research. Credit 1 to 4.

Research conducted under the direction of faculty member in biomedical engineering. May be repeated 2 times for credit. Registration in multiple sections of this course is possible within a given semester provided that the per semester credit hour limit is not exceeded.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification and approval of instructor.

 

Graduate Courses

604. FDA Good Laboratory and Clinical Practices (3-0). Credit 3.

Implementation of Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) for the submission of preclinical studies and use of Good Clinical Practices (GCP) in clinical trials in accordance with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations; includes similarities and differences in GLP and GCP critical for the introduction of new drugs and medical devices. 

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

606. Medical Device Path to Market (3-0). Credit 3.

Path to market for a medical device with specific attention to the regulatory affairs to enable the development of an appropriate regulatory strategy due to the highly regulated global environment.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

608. Biophotonics II (3-0). Credit 3.

Principles of optical spectroscopy, including absorption, fluorescence, and scattering spectroscopy; emphasis on understanding how light interacts with biological samples and how these interactions can be optically measured, quantified, and used for medical diagnosis and sensing.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

622. Bioelectromagnetism (3-0). Credit 3.

Electric, magnetic and electromagnetic phenomena in association with biological tissues; source modeling based on physiological current including line and volume conductor models as well as electromagnetic-based stimulation, sensing and imaging.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

625. Biophotonics I (3-0). Credit 3.

Theory and application of optical instrumentation, including light sources, lasers, detectors, and optical fibers; instrumentation and engineering in biomedical applications of optics in therapeutics, diagnostics, and biosensing.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

631. Thermodynamics of Biomolecular Systems (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduces equilibrium statistical mechanics and applies them to understand various bimolecular systems; including probability concept, random walk, ensemble theory, gas dynamics, reaction kinetics, and generalized forces; with applied examples such as enzyme-ligand binding, acid-base chemistry, conformational dynamic of proteins, population dynamics, and physics at interfaces.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

632. Molecular and Cellular Biomechanics (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduces Biomolecules and their assemblies that play structural and dymanical roles in subcellular to cellular level mechanics, with emphasis on quantitative understanding. Discuss relevant experimental approaches to probe these nano to micro-scale phemomena; topics include (1) intermolecular forces and Brownian motion, (2) macromolecular self-assembly, (3) dynamics of biofilaments, (4) molecular motors, and (5) cell motility.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

635. Biomaterials Compatibility (3-0). Credit 3.

Relevance of mechanical and physical properties to implant selection and design; effect of the body environment on metallic, ceramic, and plastic materials; tissue engineering; rejection mechanisms used by the body to maintain homeostasis regulatory requirements.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

636. Pathophysiology of Systemic Diseases Augmented with Implantable Devices (3-0). Credit 3.

Clinical presentation of patients with systemic diseases and the pathophysiologic interrelationship with therapeutic implantable devices; processes of inflammation/repair as it applies to challenges of therapeutic augmentation with implantable devices; systems covered include cardiovascular, central nervous system, eye, dental, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, endocrine, reproductive/urogenital, skin/soft tissue; implantable device intervention as a therapeutic adjunct in systemic diseases.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

637. Pathologic Basis of Implantable Devices (3-0). Credit 3.

This course will provide an understanding of the relationship that clinical presentation has for patients with primary heart disease; including lectures focused on general categories of inflammation and repair, systemic pathology emphasis on cardiovascular disease, and the importance elucidated on implantable device intervention as a therapeutic adjunct in heart disease.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

641. Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering (3-0). Credit 3.

Application of numerical analysis to analyze molecular, cellular and physiological systems; general techniques used to analyze steady and dynamic systems; techniques will be applied in a MATLAB programming environment.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

650. Biomedical Optics Laboratory (2-3). Credit 3.

Biomedical optics technology; basic engineering principles used in developing therapeutic and diagnostic devices; a series of hands-on labs, designed to develop a knowledge base in optical fiber preparation and use, optical interferometric biosensing and imaging, fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy and imaging, polarimetric sensing, and optical design with ray tracing sofrware, will be performed.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

652. Cell Mechanobiology (3-0). Credit 3.

The course will focus on how mechanical forces influence cell behavior through physical and biochemical mechanisms. The objectives include integrating engineering and cell biology to solve biomedical problems, which includes developing models for applying forces to cultured cells and tissues and measuring changes in cell biochemistry, structure and function.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

657. Orthopedic Biomechanics (3-0). Credits 3.

Development of competencies in biomechanical principles using practical examples and clinical case studies; application of biomechanical knowledge to the evaluation of musculoskeletal tissues and structures, and treatment options for musculoskeletal dysfunction. 

Prerequisites: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

658. Motion Biomechanics (3-0). Credits 3.

Skeletal anatomy and mechanics; muscle anatomy and mechanics; theory and application of electromyography; motion and force measuring equipment and techniques; inverse dynamics modeling of the human body; current topics in musculoskeletal biomechanics research.

Prerequisites: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

661. Cardiac Mechanics (3-0). Credit 3.

Application of continuum mechanics and computational solid mechanics to the study of the mammalian heart; utilization of continuum mechanics and finite element analysis in solving nonlinear boundary value problems in biomechanics.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

663. Soft Tissue Mechanics and Finite Element Methods (3-0). Credit 3.

Application of continuum mechanics and finite elements methods to the study of the mechanical behavior of soft tissues and associative applications in biomedicine.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

669. Entrepreneurial Issues in Biomedical Engineering (3-0). Credit 3.

Description and analysis of issues associated with initiating business ventures to transfer biomedical technologies into the health care sector, including intellectual property protection, seed funding alternatives, and business strategies relevant to the biomedical engineering technology area; and utilizing recent case studies of previous ventures.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

674. Communications in Biomedical Engineering (3-0). Credit 3.

General concepts for communicating the results of biomedical research, including writing papers, conference proceedings, and proposals as well as giving oral presentations, plus discussion of basic ethics.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

675. Biomedical Case Studies (1-0). Credit 1.

Introduction to the engineering design process for solving biomedical problems by using the case study method in biomedical instrument design.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

680. Biomedical Engineering of Tissues (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction to engineering strategies used to repair tissue; literature-grounded overview of current strategies using stem cells, 3D scaffolds, and drug/gene delivery including ethical considerations of these therapies.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

681. Seminar (1-0). Credit 1.

Designed to permit student to broaden capability, performance and perspective in biomedical engineering via his or her own formal presentation and by presentations by other professionals.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

682. Polymeric Biomaterials (3-0). Credit 3.

Preparation, properties, and biomedical applications of polymers including: polymerization; structure-property relationships; molecular weight and measurement; morphology; thermal transitions; network formation; mechanical behavior; polymeric surface modification; polymer biocompatibililty and bioadhesion; polymers in medicine, dentistry, and surgery; polymers for drug delivery; polymeric hydrogels; and biodegradable polymers.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

683. Polymeric Biomaterial Synthesis (3-0). Credit 3.

Overview of polymer synthetic routes and key structure-property relationships with emphasis on the design of polymeric systems to achieve specific properties; tissue engineering and drug delivery applications will be used as model systems to explore the process of biomaterial design from synthesis to device evaluation.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

684. Professional Internship. Credit 1 or more each semester.

Training under the supervision of practicing engineers in settings appropriate to the student's professional objectives.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification and approval of chair of student's advisory committee.

685. Directed Studies. Credit 1 to 12 each semester.

Allow students the opportunity to undertake and complete for credit limited investigations not included within thesis or dissertation research and not covered by other courses.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification and approval of Director of Graduate Programs.

686. Biomedical Nanotechnology (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction to nanotechnology applications in biomedicine; concepts of scale; unique properties at the Nanoscale; biological interaction, transport, and biocompatibility of nanomaterials; current research and development of nanotechnology for medical applications, including sensors, diagnostic tools, drug delivery systems, therapeutic devices, and interactions of cells and biomolecules with nanostructured surfaces.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

687. Drug Delivery (3-0). Credit 3.

Mechanisms for controlled release of pharmaceutically active agents and the development of useful drug delivery systems; controlled release mechanisms including diffusive, convective and erosive driving forces by using case studies related to oral, topical and parenteral release in a frontier interdisciplinary scientific research format.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

689. Special Topics in ... Credit 1 to 4.

Selected topics in an identified area of biomedical engineering. May be repeated for credit.

Prerequisite: Graduate classification or approval of instructor.

691. Research. Credit 1 or more each semester.

Research for thesis or dissertation.